Bob Herbert addressed this in an October 2006 New York Times editorial. Though the perpetrators of school shootings are often said to be almost exclusively white males, this is misleading.A study of 48 shooters found that though white males constituted 79% of secondary school shooters, white males were actually a minority among college and other adult perpetrators.The study reported that school shooters lived with both parents in "an ideal, All-American family." Some perpetrators were children of divorce, or lived in foster homes. Some experts such as Alan Lipman have warned against the dearth of empirical validity of profiling methods. In addition, psychologist Peter Langman has noted that school shooters typically fall into one (or occasionally two) of three categories: psychopathic, psychotic, or traumatized.
Some experts have described fears about school shootings as a type of moral panic.
A typical bullying interaction consist of three parts, the offender/bully, a victim and one or more bystanders.
The United States Secret Service published a study regarding 37 school shooting incidents in the United States from 1974 through June 2000, which warned against the belief that a certain "type" of student would be a perpetrator.
According to the study, any profile could apply to any student and might not apply to a potential perpetrator. These children take a long, considered, public path toward violence." Princeton's Katherine Newman has found that, far from being "loners", the perpetrators are "joiners" whose attempts at social integration fail, and that they let their thinking and even their plans be known, sometimes frequently over long periods of time.
For another instance, a 2002 report by the US Secret Service and US Department of Education found evidence that a majority of school shooters displayed evidence of mental health symptoms, often undiagnosed or untreated Criminologists Fox and De Lateur note that mental illness is only part of the issue, however, and mass shooters tend to externalize their problems, blaming others and are unlikely to seek psychiatric help, even if available.
However, they note that attempting to "profile" school shooters with such a constellation of traits will likely result in many false positives as many individuals with such a profile do not engage in violent behaviors.
The authors expressed concern that proposals to target gun control laws at people with mental illness do not take into account the complex nature of the relationship between serious mental illness and violence, much of which is due to additional factors such as substance abuse.
However, the link is unclear since research has shown that violence in mentally ill people occur more in interpersonal environments.
Cyberbullying has changed the effect of bullying in another way. in the modern era a bully can also do so on Facebook and Twitter for the world to see.
Once something is on the Internet, it cannot truly be removed, further enhancing the torment.
Mc Ginty and colleagues conducted a study to find out if people tended to associate the violence of school shootings with mental illness, at the expense of other factors such as the availability of high-capacity magazines.