1997), although Nature did not acknowledge Berthault’s prior work (Snelling 1997).
Furthermore, these experimental results have been confirmed by field observations. Helens subsequent to the well-known May 18, 1980, eruption resulted in the formation of a 762 cm (25 feet) thick deposit consisting of many thin, alternating fine-grained and coarse-grained laminae very similar to varves.
Even uniformitarian geologists have acknowledged that stratification can occur quickly.
Almost ten years later, the results of similar experiments were published in Nature (Makse et al.
This deposit formed within just a few hours (Morris and Austin 2009, 50, 52–54). “A Novel Approach to Varve Counting Using μXRF and X-Radiography in Combination with Thin-Section Microscopy, Applied to the Late Glacial Chronology from Lake Suigetsu, Japan.” Quaternary Geochronology 13: 70–80.
Likewise, interpretation of other rock units consisting of many thin laminations makes more sense if one assumes that the laminae were formed rapidly.
This review article focuses in particular on their claim that the good correlation between “varve” counts in Japan’s Lake Suigetsu (Fig.
1) and the radiocarbon ages for plant fossils found within the lake’s sediments present an unanswerable argument for an old earth. Because varves are by definition “annual,” they have been used to measure the ages of lake deposits and as proof of ages of millions of years. However, there is actually no empirical evidence to back the claim that varves form as annual deposits over extended periods of time. The Bio Logos Foundation has published a popular-level article by old-earth geologists Gregg Davidson and Ken Wolgemuth presenting arguments for an old earth. One such argument involves counts of sedimentary laminations (“varves”) within the floor of Japan’s Lake Suigetsu. “SG06, A Fully Continuous and Varved Sediment Core from Lake Suigetsu, Japan: Stratigraphy and Potential for Improving the Radiocarbon Calibration Model and Understanding of Late Quaternary Climate Changes.” Quaternary Science Reviews 36: 164–176. They made the same claims with the same example in a subsequent, virtually identical, presentation in a widely circulated Christian journal (Davidson and Wolgemuth 2012).