During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815.Under Augustus, Rome began to invade Germania (an area extending roughly from the Rhine to the Ural Mountains).
The Human Development Index ranks Germany 4th in the world (after Norway, Australia and Switzerland), in terms of development and sustainability.
It upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.
Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7 (formerly G8), the G20, and the OECD.
The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world.
Germany's economy in the 21st century flourished and currently is the world's 4th largest by nominal GDP and 5th largest by PPP.
As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods.
With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union.
After the United States, it is the second most popular immigration destination in the world.
dutch), descended from Old High German diutisc "popular" (i.e.