The original name for them, is “Zgrimties”, or “Hultan”.
The “Solomonari” are not supernatural creatures, but rather humans who have learned special abilities.
Second, for a long time learned culture was governed by official and social commands and developed around courts of princes and boyars, as well as in monasteries.
A feature of Romanian culture is the special relationship between folklore and the learned culture, determined by two factors.
First, the rural character of the Romanian communities resulted in an exceptionally vital and creative traditional culture.
Some linguists consider to be the echo of Turkish term kapkan (kaphan, kapgan), that in some Turkic peoples in the age of migrations (for example at Eurasian Avars, Proto-Bulgars – kavhan – and Pechenegs) was a high noble or administrative rank.
SOLOMONARI Solomonars are very important characters of the Romanian mythology, a caste, order or congregation of wizards with special knowledge and abilities.
Folk creations (the best known is the ballad Mioriţa) were the main literary genre until the 18th century.
They were both a source of inspiration for cultivated creators and a structural model.
It has been linked with Albanian boljë (“snake”) buljar (“water snake”), all terms possibly stemming from the same Thracian root, *bell- or *ber- “beast, monster”, the traces of which can also be found in the name of the Greek mythological hero Bellerophon (“the beast killer”).
The Transylvanian Saxon balaur “dragon”, and balaura, an insult term in Serbia, are borrowed from Romanian.
According to Romanian folkloric phantasy, the căpcăun has dog head, sometimes with four eyes, with eyes in the nape, or with four legs, but whose main characteristic is anthropophagy.