Johnston and Rebecca Rogers * Chapter 26, Handbook of Early Literacy Research. Gessell's (1925) maturational view held that children's minds must reach a certain level of maturity before they would be able to learn to read.
In the United States, since the thirties, literacy-related assessment has occurred in the early years of schooling because of beliefs about the relationship between learning and development (Durkin, 1967).
In their suburban Chicago school system it was common practice to put a chart on the wall highlighting when each child would be chronologically old enough to have an appropriate "mental age" to learn to read.
If you read one of my previous posts about the bulging screws causing pain in my foot, then I bet you can guess what happened next… It shouldn’t take too long to get back up and around, so they say. It’s absolutely no fun to be motionless and hurting. You think it will be a nice break from responsibilities, but you quickly realize that it is so much harder than any workplace you ever entered.
The swelling had finally gone down in my foot for these little suckers to be sticking out. Let’s review- I’ve re-entered the post-surgery malaise of pain and elevation and icing and meds.
Third, there is some exploration of alternative forms of assessment that are more representative of, and relevant to, instruction, although teachers appear to be ill-prepared to make instructional use of new forms of assessment.
Fourth, there is less misuse of screening assessments for instructional purposes (for which they are ill-designed).
Similarly, the Gessell continues to be one of the most popular tests for school readiness (Gnezda & Bolig, 1988), and prescreening for Kindergarten is mandated in 19 states, though in some, such as Louisianna, the tests cannot be used to withhold from children services such as proceeding to first grade (Shepard, Taylor & Kagan, 1996).
The persistence of these practices, is due, in part, to beliefs about development, to which we shall return presently, and in part to the downward creep of accountability and meritocratic gatekeeping.First, states are trying to reduce the use of readiness testing and retention from recent high levels.Second, state accountability testing has been virtually eliminated in grades K-3. Body parts will surely fall asleep, scream at you, and twinge over and over again. I hate taking them, but I stick with the inflammatory meds as per doc’s orders. If you are facing or recovering from foot and ankle surgery- You landed in the perfect place. Seeing as I already wrote my Ten Tips for a Woman in a Leg Cast, I thought I would fancy myself in writing a bit more to encourage the poor souls who suffer through such a trial.